Adding or upgrading insulation in a home attic is the best investment for energy efficiency home improvements. But many homeowners often neglect the need for insulating their HVAC ducts. One way to achieve both is to use blown-in cellulose insulation. If the ducts are lower profile size and sit on the rafters it’s a good solution for improving home energy efficiency.
The Attic Duct Problem
Conditioned air traveling through unconditioned spaces, such through ducts in the attic, degrades the temperature in route to the interior of the home. Homes in colder winter climates can have 68 degree heated air traveling through 30 degree ambient attic air. Conversely, in hotter summer climates attic air can easily exceed 100 degrees. This results in higher energy costs as the HVAC system must work harder to compensate. Insulating duct work can greatly minimize this efficiency loss.
If the home has vents in the ceilings there are ducts in the attic. Follow this process to review, repair and insulate duct work.
Find & Repair Leaky Ducts
The first step is to inspect ducts to determine if they are already insulated. Most ducts are metal “tubes” and typically installed without any insulation added. Next, check for any cracks or leaks. The best way to accomplish this is with a professional duct leak test. This adds some cost to the project but is will payoff in the long run as it will identify leaks or the need for replacing ducts before wasting money on trying to insulate. A professional will run a “duct blower door” test that identifies all leaks. These can be repaired in most cases using mastic sealant or metal tape products specifically designed for insulation ducts. Also check to ensure the ducts are sealed tightly where they meet the vents in the ceiling. This is a common place where leaks occur.
Once the duct work is sealed it’s time to decide on insulation.
Inspect The Attic Insulation
While in the attic, inspect the insulation as well as the ducts. Chances are, in an older home, the insulation may be lacking. If the insulation is below the tops of the rafters it’s also time to insulate. No amount of duct insulating will compensate for an under-insulated attic. The good news, there is a product that can kill two birds with one stone.
Select The Right Product For The Job
There are several types of attic and duct insulation products. However, blown-in cellulose insulation is the perfect product to upgrade older insulation while also insulating the ducts. Here is how the process works:
1. Measure the depth up to the top of the ducts. Then check on the recommended depth for the cellulose insulation planned for the attic. (Check with your installer or manufacturer’s website or bags to find the recommended depth.)
2. Properly prepare the attic before adding insulation. Learn more about this important step here.
3. Make sure all ducts are laying on top of the rafters. If any are suspended by strapping, carefully remove the straps and gently lower the ducts. If necessary, consult with an HVAC contractor for assistance.
4. It is possible to install blown-in cellulose insulation as a DIY projects. However, CIMA recommends using a professional insulation contractor to ensure the highest possible benefit from the product.
5. Follow the manufacturers instructions for installing the cellulose insulation using a quality blowing machine and hose. The insulation bags will have the recommended depth and coverage for the product. This is usually sufficient to cover smaller diameter ducts that are resting directly on top of the rafters (follow step one above to verify.) The depth can be slightly increased, where practical, to fully cover the ducts. In many such situations this will insulate all the exposed duct work. However, insulating blanket material can be used to cover duct areas that may not be fully covered by the cellulose.
Using cellulose to insulate the attic and the ducts fills all the surface areas more completely to better protect the entire system. Conditioned air is separated from the ambient air allowing the temperature to arrive to the rooms within the house at or closer to the temperature generating at the heating/cooling source. The attic will also be well insulated for maximum overall energy efficiency.